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  • 2020.11.19move zone
  • 作者:张婷,商景奇 编辑: 广播台发布日期:2020-11-19浏览次数:

Hello,广播前的各位听众朋友们大家下午好,这里是每周四准时与大家想约的movie zone,我是今天的主播李晨曦,杨莹

战争与和平》这部影片改编自列夫·托尔斯泰的同名文学作品,由前苏联导演谢尔盖·邦达尔丘克(SergeiBondarchuk)执导。这是俄国文豪 列夫·托尔斯泰 所著的长篇小说,也是他最著名的代表作。


Sergei Bundarchuk, the film's director, once said of the film; "Our main and only goal for ourselves was to portray Tolstoy as completely and accurately as possible on screen. "We want to recreate Tolstoy's thoughts, feelings, philosophy and ideals in a modern, cinematic way."

The million-word book, featuring the kuragin, Rostov, Bolkonsky, and Bezuhov families, is set in the Russian cities and villages of 1805-1820 and reflects a series of important historical events of the time. Tolstoy shows a deep concern for the eternal spirit of man, exploring the ways of the state, the influence of religion and the moral push of history. It is a splendid mansion constructed by Tolstoy with his own political, religious and historical views, and it is a classic that transcends countries and times. The structure of the work is grand, the span is long, reflects the author's excellent writing skills and profound ideological realm. The book shows that people have a perpetual longing for life, whether in war or in peace. It is not only a magnificent patriotic epic, but also an epic of people's mind, the epic of life.  

影片以1812年的俄国卫国战争为中心。生动再现了在战争中俄国社会的重大事件和生活的各个领域,在战争与和平、前线与后方的纵横交织镜头表现中,再现了许多重大历史事件,反映了整整一个历史时期的俄国社会风貌,人们的渴望、痛苦、欢乐和追求。其中包括奥斯特利茨大战、波罗季诺会战、莫斯科大火、拿破仑溃退等。通过对四大贵族家庭——包尔康斯基、别素霍夫、罗斯托夫、库拉金以及主人公安德烈•保尔康斯基、彼埃尔、娜塔莎在战争与和平环境中的思想和行动的描写,展示了当时俄国社会的风貌以及个人在战争中自我人格的完善过程。
  在这部作品里面,能够看到最华丽的贵族,也可以看到最底层的战士,有最宏大的社会与历史,有最细节的小心思与权谋。它同小说一样被分四部,近七个小时,在穷尽细节和追求真实方面,没有任何一部电影能与它比美。象血肉横飞的博罗季诺战场 ,豪华奢侈的上流阶层的舞会,被亚历山大二世称为照亮他灵魂的莫斯科大火,被俄国焦土政策拖垮的法国军队的撤退,飞雪与狂风并作的俄罗斯的冬天,每一个场面都非常宏大。豪华的宫廷舞会,辉煌的歌剧院,壮观的狩猎围捕,则处处显示出俄罗斯的大国气派。

   In particular battle scenes in the film, the contrast is especially significant, regardless of the bloody cruel both sides semeai, heat the fire of Moscow, or French large-scale terrorist robbery, a prisoner of cruelty, especially from the aerial shoot French decades long to long, ice and snow of the all take breathtaking, solemn and stirring. These campaigns included the spring and winter campaigns, artillery positions, cavalry campaigns, and infantry campaigns in which the strategy and tactics of attack, defense, retreat, and pursuit were presented with great momentum. For example, the attack formation of infantry phalanx, the terrain selection of artillery positions, the situation of crossing rivers and fleeing in ice and snow, etc. give a detailed description of the war from the perspective of time and scene changes.

Although these battles are spectacular, there is also a lot of valuable information to be found in various details. If Napoleon's troops retreat and cross the river, the Russian generals wait for them to get halfway across before they attack and do the most damage to Napoleon's troops. Napoleon, as a military genius who had been successful in Europe before, had to shrink his overcoat at this time and died miserably.

In Tolstoy's novels, the time span is as long as 12 years, the growth of characters and the development of events are gradually enriched. The Soviet Union, on the other hand, took five years to film, so it was able to show the changes of time and the progress of life in the novel. This is best reflected in the image and shaping of the three main characters.

When Pierre first saw Natasha at the Rostovs', she had been a child of thirteen, running between grown-up people's arms. Perhaps she had been in love with him ever since, in a sort of unconscious fantasy of which she did not yet know.

When the war was over, Pierre went to see Marie, andrei Paulkonsky's sister. He spoke wistfully of Andrei Paulkonsky's final understanding with Natasha, saying that fate had brought them together. All through Pierre's story there was a woman in black sitting in silence at the back of the drawing-room. Don't you recognize her? Said Marie to Pierre. Pierre looked at the woman.

It was a face of great beauty, with sadness and joy. She had no decoration, a black cloak that reflected a pair of crystal clear eyes. It was as if a light suddenly fell on Pierre's sad face, and the picture became very bright. There were a series of flashbacks of Natasha long ago, running laughing in her frocks among the adults, looking curiously back at Andrei Paulkonsky on the steps, dancing to the music with tears in her eyes at the ball... . Then Natasha, calm and serene, high and pure. Brief is love, but life is long. Life is such a process, love, young, suffering, tempered, and then settled.

   这样意喻深刻、表现真挚的精彩镜头在影片中伸手可拈,比比皆是。

   这部电影最值得一提的是处处表现出了真正的俄国气质。无论是秋天金黄灿烂的原野,深秋热火朝天的狩猎,还是金碧辉煌的教堂,人头涌动的宫殿,都给人以一种巨大的空间感。通过这种大空间的表现手法,不仅展现了俄国丰厚的传统,还反映了植根在人们心灵深处的民族精神,更刻画了战争时期闪耀在普通人身上的英雄色彩。还起了一种反衬的作用,说明拿破仑这样一个强人之所以会溃败在俄国,是因为他对一个伟大民族的了解非常有限。
在大段的叙述之后,会似乎不管节奏地加入大段的议论,在描写各个阶层众多人物进行着偶然性行为的同时,又切实的让人看到整个国家社会群体的趋势和奔流,实在是一部包罗万象而又具有统一感的作品。

okguys. Today's program is overhope you guys enjoy itand see you next week.

感谢编辑黄鑫鑫,感谢导播张婷,商景奇,我是主播杨莹,李晨曦



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